The Mencken House

Of the four children,  Henry Louis, Charles Edward, August Jr., and Anna Gertrude, it was Henry Louis Mencken, the “Sage of Baltimore”, who made this residence famous. It has been said that at the height of his career, one could address a letter to H. L. Mencken, Baltimore,  and be assured that the Post Office would deliver it to his Hollins Street address. With the exception of a five year period when he lived in an apartment at 704 Cathedral Street during his marriage to Sarah Powell Haardt, Mencken lived in his Hollins Street house until his death in 1956 at age 76.  In 1926, he wrote “I have lived in one house in Baltimore for nearly 45 years. It has changed in that time, as I have but somehow it still remains the same. No conceivable decorator’s masterpiece could give me the same ease. It is as much a part of me as my own 2 hands. If I had to leave it, I’d be as certainly crippled as if I had lost a leg.” 

The city owned Victorian residence is a well preserved example of row house life of a prosperous family in the late 19th and 20th centuries. It includes changes made in the 1920s, among them the installation of parquet floors on all 3 levels, an indication of the prosperity of the Menckens, and the removal of the ornate fireplace mantel in the front parlor, after a central heating system was installed. But much more than that, the Mencken House can be considered among the nation’s most significant house museums associated with an American man of letters. Thanks to his autobiographical writings: Happy Days, Newspaper Days,  and Heathen Days, we know much about Henry’s life in this house.  It is here where the novelist and screenwriter James Cain remembers Mencken ready at the door to greet him with a shaker of martinis – and where pictures of Mencken’s paternal German ancestors were proudly displayed in the front hallway.  The first floor front parlor, which appears as a typical 19th century room for entertaining, was one of the meeting places of the “Saturday Night Club” members, a group of Mencken’s friends who made music, talked and enjoyed beer. The sitting room, or middle parlor, was the focus of family life, where Mencken liked to relax in his chair and receive his friends, F. Scott Fitzgerald among many. Much of Mencken’s writing was done in the second floor front study. In that room, surrounded by his books and typewriter, couch and comfortable chairs, and with a direct view of the park and neighborhood that he loved, Mencken conceived and wrote many of his critically acclaimed works. In that room, surrounded by his books and typewriter, Mencken edited the books of Theodore Dreiser and suggested the works of African American writers to his publisher, Alfred Knopf. Here is where Mencken wrote the newspaper columns and books that made him, in the words of Walter Lippman, “the most powerful personal influence in America”, celebrated for the wit and humor that many have compared to Mark Twain.

The Mencken House garden was a land of enchantments that was the setting for numerous escapades when he was a boy. In the back of the yard was a stable, where he and his brother kept  a pet pony named Frank, who once put his head through the open dining room window to slurp on a bowl of homemade ice cream sitting on the window sill.

As Mencken grew older he made the garden his own, replacing the wooden fence on the west side with a brick wall embedded with ornamental tiles, a small fountain with an angel head, a cast stone death mask of one of his favorite composers, Ludwig van Beethoven, complete with the first few notes of his 5th symphony, and a grave marker for his dog Tessie. The current gazebo used to be a “summer house”  with enclosed walls. After Mencken’s stroke in 1948, the garden was a comforting refuge, a place to smoke a cigar and look at the stars. 

In 1983, the Baltimore City government, under the leadership of Mayor William Donald Schaefer and Walter Sondheim, acquired the house from the University of Maryland for the purpose of its preservation and open it as a museum, under the stewardship of the “Baltimore City Life Museums” organization.  Unfortunately, due to financial problems, the museum closed in 1997 and was subsequently shuttered for 22 years.  Thanks to a generous bequest by former Mencken Society member Navy Commander Max Edwin Hency, the house has since then undergone a $1.3 million dollar renovation and reopened to the public in the fall of 2019. Based on meticulous research and photo documentation, the Society to Preserve H. L. Mencken’s Legacy planned and facilitated the return of most of the antique furnishings and artifacts from their two-decade long storage to the house after the renovation was completed.  The restored and refurbished house is shown today as it appeared in 1940. 

This is an important renovation that preserves the lifelong home of H. L. Mencken, exhibiting both its original furnishings and its connection to Mencken's prolific writing career. It also preserves a tangible and important slice of Baltimore's social class and neighborhood history, illuminating the lived experience of those who once called this address home.

Stacy Spaulding, Ph.D.
Professor of journalism and media studies at Towson University

Baltimore certainly has its charms. H.L. Mencken was the greatest admirer of Charm City. See the place where in Mencken's words, he "lived, voted, and had his being." The Mencken House is a treasure!

Darryl Hart
Professor of history at Hillsdale College, Michigan, and president of the Mencken Society

The Mencken House Museum is stellar - an educational experience and a fitting tribute to the "Sage of Baltimore" - the most important writer who was born in Baltimore and spent his life here. For decades, he stirred up the animals all across America, this fair republic that gave him so much delight.

Vince Fitzpatrick, Ph.D.
Curator of the H.L. Mencken Collection at the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore

Newly restored, the Mencken House represents a proud addition to the Union Square neighborhood's living history. It is a place for an exchange of ideas about the man who wrote so much within the four walls where he lived and died.

Jacques Kelly
Writer and Baltimore Sun Journalist

After many years and determination, the Mencken House Museum has been wonderfully and meticulously restored. Tour the study where this famous journalist and editor worked and influenced an entire generation; stroll through the garden paths with its inlaid tiles and brick wall; the parlor where Mencken played music. This National Historic Preservation site gives visitors a unique glimpse of what life was like in Baltimore during the 1890s into the 1940s, showcasing Mencken's beloved home, with its books, typewriter, beer steins, and other artifacts that makes this gem one of the most extensive and complete house museums in the country.

Marion Elizabeth Rogers
Writer and Mencken scholar; author of "Mencken: The American Iconoclast" (Oxford 2005, 2007)

Open by Appointment Only

1524 Hollins Street Baltimore, MD 21223